When I was in the student program in Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp, I used to go on the Saturday night orb tour in the Camp. It starts at 7:30 p.m. on the porch of the Bookstore. It was either that or a séance, both intriguing in their own way.
Orbs are said to be how Spirit travels. I love this notion. I’ll always be a skeptic. It’s healthy when dealing with type of phenomena.
On one particular occasion, I was on the tour and the group walked by Blackhawk Park. A person next to me was looking at a photo she took. I looked, too. A Native-American in full headdress could be seen in the photograph. How cool is that?
After a while, I saw orbs with my eyes, so I no longer went on the tour. It’s a great starting point. The first time I saw an orb with my eyes was at a friend’s house, which was a couple of miles from the Camp. I was sitting and chatting with her in the living room. I looked beyond her and saw an orb. She asked, ‘Do you see the face in the orb?’
First of all I was amazed she knew exactly what I was looking at, and as if on cue, a Spirit face with hair appeared in the orb. I was amazed.
These days it’s not unusual for me to see orbs while driving down the road. It’s usually around 7:30 p.m. The other day I was driving away from the beach, hundreds of orbs danced about. My friend also saw them. I get so excited every time that happens. There’s more to this 3D world than meets eye.
One of my Spiritual teachers is big into phenomena. I sat in a phenomena circle for 18 months. It met same time, same place with generally the same people once weekly. Lots of rapping and spirit lights going on there. The teacher channeled high spiritual beings that shared knowledge. Afterward, photos were taken around him. Yep, you guessed it – orbs galore.
One teaching I got from him and will share here is about meditation. If you are growing your gifts, meditation is a must. I know I have preached this over and over again. Decide where you’re going to meditate and take a picture of that space. After eight weeks meditating daily in the same space at the same time, take a picture of that space. There should be orbs there.
Here’s a fun little story. That teacher’s wife loves to blow bubbles. It’s great because it lightens the mood. One night she stood by Colby Memorial Temple with this large wand that made huge bubbles. After letting a few go, she and her husband heard people up the street screaming in excitement that they could see orbs coming of the street. LOL
Seriously though, orbs are a way for Spirit to get around. More importantly it’s a starting point for nonbelievers. Here’s a great pic of a couple of orbs in plane daylight with myself and two others. www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1495063134047186&set=pob.100006305411571&type=3&theater.
You cannot make this stuff up. Well, I guess some people do. But why? Blessings!
A lot of times when people come to me for a reading they don’t know what to expect. Who can blame them? The way being a medium is portrayed on television and in the movies isn’t always an accurate depiction.
I am blessed to be a certified medium in Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp, which is in Volusia County. The nearest town is Lake Helen. People come to the Spiritualist Camp daily to see what it’s all about.
When someone calls for a reading, I first ask if they’ve ever had a reading with a medium. My spiel continues: ‘I connect with Spirit around you, give you evidence of that Spirit – I see what they look like, personality traits, the way of passing, possibly shared experiences, or other types of evidence – and life guidance. I also can give psychic information.’ I tell them I’m a clairvoyant, I see, I feel, I know and at times hear. Most importantly I tell them ‘if you are looking to hear from one particular Spirit, I cannot guarantee that. It’s not the way it works.’
If the possible client makes it through all of that, they come to my office or make a future appointment.
Being a medium is so very rewarding. I love to help people. We all need help at times. It’s super hard to remember readings, unless there is something unique about them. I had a couple come in for a reading. Yes, they made it through the spiel. Normally, I don’t do couple readings, but they were married for like 15 years. It was mostly for her, though. I saw a toddler running and swimming and that’s all I kept seeing. I described her and finally, the woman told me that her daughter had choked on a piece of food a week earlier and died. I looked for more evidence. The child finally showed me the letters L and O. I said it must have been on her bedroom wall. The mother broke down in tears. God bless that family!
On a lighter note, I did my first reading on camera for a YouTube channel. I have to admit I was a little nervous. There were three extra people in my room – two cameramen and a public relations committee member. Imagine all the Spirits that came with them. The reading was going great. The recipient connected with the Spirits I brought through. Out of nowhere I said something about Rome. I said, ‘You must be going to Rome.’ The PR committee member freaked. I saw her out of the corner of my eye. The recipient brought her hands close to her face and said, ‘Oh my God’ and explained that she would be going there. And then a few minutes later I said something about Africa. The same reaction all the way around. Thank you Spirit!
I wrote a BLOG earlier whether it’s mediumship or psychic information. The latter would be getting the information from the aura. Mediumship is connecting with Spirit. When I get images, I believe they come from Spirit. It’s always a wonderment, though. I love that God has given me these gifts to help others. It is a true Blessing!
When I go out into the real world, it is an adventure. I’m at friend’s house, alone, and it is nice. Before she left, she turned the television on, which is tuned into one of her favorite channels. I don’t like the monotone voice, so I changed the channel. I was excited that I was able to get the guide up and look for something to watch. In moments, something happened and the TV signal was lost. It’s OK. I already saw it wasn’t gonna work. LOL.
I love getting away from it all. I do have to take time out for myself, collect my thoughts. I’m beachside again, well two blocks from the beach. The beach is my place. I so love it.
I walked to the beach yesterday and now today and will for my remaining days here. I actually went twice today, Friday. To get to the beach, I have to cross A1A. Yikes! So on my way the second time today, I stood at the corner and waited patiently. I could walk down a country mile (LOL) to the lights, but no the beach is right across the street. I stood there for what seemed like five minutes. I said out loud ‘Mother, Father, God, Infinite Spirit, please help me get across this street.’ Seconds later a young man was at my side. We walked together and yes traffic stopped. I was amazed. We continued to walk. A car and a large bus came to a halt. I said, ‘I cannot believe this bus stopped.’ The young man smiled and I said, ‘I just said a prayer to cross this street and you showed up.’ Again, he smiled. And I said, ‘I love that.’ And I do. On the way back there was no traffic at all.
It’s interesting how people show up in our lives. You know there is some reason – a lesson or a blessing. I cannot tell you how many times I’ve been stopped at the store or while waiting in line when someone tells me their life story. It’s like I have the word healer written on my forehead. Or you meet someone who is disguised as a friend, but only needs healing. It’s OK. I get it. How many of you mediums and healers out there have had this happen to you? On one hand, wouldn’t it be great to just have a ‘normal’ friendship with someone, whatever normal is, but on the other hand, it’s wonderful to help others through their situations.
Healers help without even trying, just their presence is healing. It’s important that healers always remember to let go of energy processed during healing. I usually send it through my body out my feet into the ground. As healers to include mediums, we must remember to take care of ourselves, take time out. Alone time is so needed. Schedule it if you must. Receive healings from the universe during meditation, sleep states and a few chosen healers who are in tune with my vibration. Don’t forget about you! Blessings!
If you want it, manifest it. It’s all in the attitude. See it. Know it. And it will happen. It’s all in your belief system. Believe it with 100 percent of your thought, your being. Have no doubt.
What is it that you are trying to manifest? Is it for you? The greater good? Or simply to assist in your everyday life?
Today, I’m like, what it’s Friday? What happened to Tuesday through Thursday? Hmm. So today, I’m like I have got to get inspired for this column. I had the idea of manifesting the other day, but wasn’t totally there. I thought to look up quotes, a great place for inspiration. Then I noticed I needed to get to the Camp office to sign up for workshops I would be teaching in the coming season. I had my phone and my hard copy calendar in hand. I did forget my purple pen, though. I asked the office manager if she had a purple pen. She said if there was one in the office, she would have had it long ago. I looked around. She walked over to the supply cabinet and said something about her “finding fairies.” I sat down with the activity director. The office manager showed up with a purple pen and said, “My finding fairies rock!” I love that. She knew it could happen and so it did. I gave her the pen when I left.
Bigger things may take longer to manifest. Again, it’s all in your thought process. Believe it. See it into existence.
First, one must know exactly what they want. Decide what you want. Make a plan. Be exact. But be open to how the final result will come about, just know that it will. Don’t share what you want to manifest with others, unless you know that they are willing to help manifest it.
Imagine, a group of people manifesting the same thing. Perfect example was the Mother’s Day Tea at Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp. We believed it would be sold out and it was plus a few more. The next event is the Father’s Day Picnic/Cookout, which includes creating homes for our fairies, gnomes and sprites on our Fairy Trail. One person said we won’t sell that out. And I said don’t say that. Last night we had the committee meeting and we decided that the event would sell out.
On a much larger note, each of us truly has the responsibility of taking care of our planet. We can do this by sending energy to heal everyone and everything. It starts with ourselves. Then, it grows. If every single person on this earth plane believed, truly believed, we could heal this planet and this world we live in. It could happen. Here’s one. We create the world we live in with our thoughts. Think about that.
Blessings of peace!
Big news in Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp Meeting Association where I’m a certified medium, teacher and chair of public relations.
We’re celebrating our 125th year, which is being kicked off today during Gala Day with the opening of the time capsule that was buried for the 100th year celebration in 1994. Volusia County Councilmember Barbara Girtman will read a proclamation as well.
The Spiritualist Camp is 57 ½ acres and is governed by a board of trustees. There are numerous committees to assist. All of these positions are manned with volunteers, although there are 10 to 15 employees who keep up with the day-to-day needs.
Events for the 125th year are as follows:
Gala Day 9:45 a.m. to 4 p.m. on May 11 – 9:45 a.m. proclamation Volusia County Council Member Barbara Girtman; time capsule opening from the 100th year and adding to capsule.
Mother’s Day Tea 3:30-5:30 p.m. on May 12 with Tea Leaf Readings by Dikki-Jo Mullen – Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building $25 preregister at Bookstore 386-228-2880
June through December
First Saturday History Series 1-2 p.m. in Colby Memorial Temple. June 1 Rev. Dr. Louis Gates, “Pioneers of Spiritualism;” July 6 Rev. Marilyn Awtry “The Lily Dale Assembly Connection;” Aug. 3, Sept. 7, Oct. 5, Nov. 2, Dec. 7 (Topic TBD). $5 donation suggested.
Father/Son Picnic 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. on June 16 – Picnic with Fairy House Building at Slater House, 1188 Chauncey St. $25 preregister at Bookstore 386-228-2880
Fun Day Noon to 4 p.m. on July 13 – Ice cream social with face painting, craft table, bounce house, reverse dunk, balloons, popcorn and cotton candy. Tickets are $1 and each area varies on how many tickets are needed in The Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building and in front of Colby Memorial Temple.
Gala Day 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Aug. 10.
Blithe Spirit Play at 7:30 p.m. on Sept. 14. Students from DeLand High School will perform scenes into a one hour and 15 minute show. Tickets are $25. Raffle tickets for items such as readings, healings and bookstore basket. Tickets are 1 for $5 or 3 for $10. Proceeds go to Colby Memorial Temple. Light refreshments and drawings at the Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building after the play.
Spirit Crawl/Table Tipping 6 p.m. to midnight on Oct. 19. Table tipping 6-8 p.m. in the Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building $25 per person. Spirit Crawl from 8 p.m. to midnight. Access to four spirit filled buildings – Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building, Summerland House, Colby Memorial Temple and Slater House. $75. Paranormal equipment welcomed.
Community Lawn Sale 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Nov. 2 Rev. Tom Berkner Educational Building, 1090 Stevens St.
Gala Day 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Nov. 16 - Gala Day
Masquerade Ball 7-11 p.m. on Dec. 28 (Dec. 18 is the actual 125th year) in the Andrew Jackson Davis Educational Building. Music, refreshments, gift cards, mask competition. $25 per person or $40 per couple.
SCSCMA, a nonprofit, is in the process of raising funds for our historic buildings. SCSCMA owns seven historic buildings and the organization has kept up these buildings for years. Colby Memorial Temple is our next project. We need the community’s help in raising funds.
Normal events that take place in Colby Memorial Temple: Sunday Service with anywhere from 65 to 125 in attendance, Wednesday Night Message Service with anywhere from 20 to 50 in attendance, Candlelight Healing with anywhere from 20 to 30 in attendance, classes and workshops.
Go to Cassadaga.org for more information.
Monday morning was a new day. I woke up and everything had changed. I couldn’t quite put my finger on it, but there was a subtle change. I spent Friday through Sunday out of town – about five hours from the Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp. The break on the beach was just what I needed.
What was so different about that Monday? A feeling, a feeling of like wonderment, a feeling like something good was right around the corner. It was odd. I thought perhaps it was an adjustment period of reacquainting myself with the energy that so freely flows in the Spiritualist Camp. I went to the gym, per usual and then did my volunteer gig at the Camp office. Even then things weren’t quite jiving. I decided to go shopping, get some new clothes. I had a few readings on Tuesday, the first in five days. Things went well. Still, there was an odd energy about everything. I wondered if my guides changed. They do at times. For every new level attained, new guides present themselves. It was like I learned something new, perhaps it happened in my dream state. I just knew and felt something really good was on its way.
I was the message bearer at the Wednesday night service, so I didn’t take appointments that day, which was rare. On Thursday, one of the answers sat right in front of me. My first reading that day was for a woman who’s a best-selling author on Amazon. Yep, I knew it was coming. It’s time to finish writing my next book, “The Playground.” It’s been in progress for nearly three years. I started working on it again a few months back. I was making headway when my computer crashed. Thankfully, all was saved. It broke my stride, though.
Backstory: I’m a freelance writer – most times for newspapers and for a short period of time magazines. I’d procrastinate at times, but always made the deadline. I had a whole month to write a 4,000 word story for a magazine. I waited until the night before it was due to write it. It took three hours.
I do have writing guides. It makes sense. We all have guides for our chosen field – a higher knowledge that comes in and takes over. One time I really didn’t like the story that I was to write. I repeated ‘I love this story,’ and prayed for my writing guides to assist. They did. Another time in a guided meditation during class, I met one of my writing guides. At the end of the meditation, we were instructed to see a feather. Mine was quill with someone who looked like Benjamin Franklin. The funny thing was a week or two later I wrote a story on a descendant of Benjamin Franklin, looked like him too.
It’s not like I’m not busy. I have spent a lot of time volunteering as the public relations chair for the Camp. The 125th anniversary kickoff is May 11. Lots of planning involved. Press releases were written and sent out. I have set up numerous interviews for coverage.
There’s a change in the air. My meditations have been absolutely fabulous.
Incidentally, while packing for my trip Friday, a slightly larger and meaner looking spider than the last appeared in my front room. I killed it. I have shoes, brooms and flyswatters strategically placed. One morning, I saw a spirit spider on the pillow next to me. So, I finally started reading again. Made some notes and bought a new notebook for the job. I’m ready to getter done. I know good things are coming. I believe it. I saw it. I see it.
I wonder if my writing guides have changed. This isn’t my normal BLOG. Just go with the flow. Live life.
It’s tough sometimes this thing we call life. It’s our job to rise above situations that take us to lower vibrational thinking. Think positive thoughts. Look at the bright side. The silver lining. Easier said than done.
I like to create affirmations to help me through situations. A couple of my favorites: ‘I cannot control what other people do’ and ‘Everyone has a story.’ It gets me through the tough spots. I haven’t used this one in a long time: ‘I have plenty of time for everything.’ I made the latter up when my leadfoot had gotten the best of me.
Prosperity affirmations aren’t just about bringing money into one’s life. They are to remind us of who we truly are – powerful spiritual beings.
I’ve said the below affirmations for years. They are by Patricia Diane Cota-Robles. Her website is https://eraofpeace.org/.
Reciting affirmations daily is rote learning. Each day is a new learning experience. Retraining our brains to know we are a powerful spiritual beings isn’t always easy. In addition, reciting affirmations is also a meditative state.
Say the below three times out loud by reading through the entire list and then again and again. Thoughts are things. With positive thoughts, we can help to create prosperity in our lives as well as in others.
I AM a radiant being filled with light and love.
I AM naturally enlightened.
My life is blossoming in total perfection.
I now have a perfect, satisfying, well-paying job.
I love doing my work and I am richly rewarded both creatively and financially.
I AM an open channel of creative energy.
I now have enough time, energy, wisdom and money to accomplish all of my needs.
I AM always in the right place at the right time successfully engaged in the right activity.
This is a rich universe and there is plenty for all of us.
Abundance is my natural state of being and I accept it now.
Infinite riches are now freely flowing into my life.
Every day I am growing more financially prosperous.
The more I have the more I have to give.
The more I give the more I receive and the happier I feel.
I AM open to receiving all the blessings of this abundant universe.
I AM a channel for all kinds of riches to come to me now.
I release myself from the belief that anybody or anything can hold from me all that the universe has for me now.
PERFECT HEALTH, FINANCIAL SECURITY and UNCONDITIONAL LOVE ARE MINE NOW.
I know that release is MAGNETIC. By fully releasing, I attract to myself what is truly mine.
I NOW RELEASE. . .I RELEASE TOTALLY. . .
I let go and grow.
I let go and trust.
I know all my needs will be perfectly met at all times.
Rapid changes come in all aspects of my life as I open my mind to the unlimited resources of this RICH UNIVERSE NOW.
I AM surrounded by Love. All is well.
Joy fills every cell in body. Every cell is alive with love.
Money flows to me personally in the most perfect way through my channels as I PRAISE all conditions and all people NOW.
I open myself to receive all the goodness that I have refused or rejected up to this time.
I now rejoice as I feel the arms of the universe embrace me now.
As I give, so I gain – As I sow, so I reap.
I rejoice in the capacity to give and receive all the wealth which is mine NOW.
I give my Love, my Gifts, my ALL and I AM therefore rich, well and happy now.
The LIGHT OF GOD in me is producing perfect results in every phase of my life NOW.
I give thanks for DIVINE RESTORATION in my mind, body, financial affairs and all my relationships NOW.
I give thanks now for my life of HEALTH, WEALTH, HAPPINESS AND PERFECT SELF EXPRESSION.
I AM PROSPERITY.
I’ve spoken about mediumship quite a bit so far. It’s time to switch gears just a bit. Healing is the highest form of the spiritual gifts. I am a certified medium in Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp. I am not a certified healer in the Camp. I choose not to be at the time I went into student program, which generally takes four to six years to complete. It does not mean that I’m not a healer. First, a medium is a healer in the sense that we help people. Plus, I am a Reiki Level II Practitioner and Arcing Light Teacher. A hands on healer is a conduit of the healing energy, allowing it to flow through to the recipient for body, mind, spirit healing.
Early in my journey I went to a medium for a reading. During that reading, I was told that I had healing hands and there must’ve been a time when someone had said so.
Backstory: When I was about 7 years old, I would go upstairs and rub my aunt’s feet. She used to say, ‘You have healing hands.’ I knew it was a good thing because she loved it. I didn’t mind doing it, and most of the time she gave me a quarter afterward.
So when my dad died, I made myself sick. After about a year, I went to a Reiki Master and received my first attunement. It was the most amazing experience. The whole world opened up. It was surreal, larger than life. I healed myself. I stopped at Reiki II because I found Arcing Light.
One day a month for five or six years, I was the healer at a Spiritualist church in Orange City. One never knows how those who receive healings are healed unless they tell you about it later. I do recall several times when recipients shed tears during healings. Profound experiences.
The frog animal totem is about healing and cleansing. In the “Medicine Cards, The Discovery of Power through the Ways of Animals” by Jamie Sams and David Carson, it states: “Frog teaches us to honor our tears, for they cleanse the soul.”
Speaking of animal totems, last week I recall saying that my unfinished book was calling. I do get busy volunteering in various capacities in the Spiritual Camp. And so yesterday I set about mopping the floors. Of course, I was working with socks on. As I went to sweep the bathroom floor, a SPIDER came out and played dead. I’m like really. I stood there and had a quick conversation with spirit. The bleach filled spray bottle became my savior for the moment. The spider ran. I ran. When I got back with my shoe, I saw it and killed it.
Questions come to mind – Did I manifest that? Did I see it days before it happened? Or was it just there (for my left brainers reading this)?
I still ponder this. On the way to the gym this morning, a group of vultures, or a committee of vultures, were in the roadway, pecking at the latest kill. I thought about the time I saw just one vulture in the middle of a road. That was in Orlando. Surely, an oddity. About a mile down the road from the committee I saw one vulture on the side of the road. Did I manifest that or did I know it would be there because I saw it? And then there was the time I was driving down the road and thought of peacock walking down the side of it. Moments later there it was.
No matter our beliefs helping others is why each and every one of us are here on this earth plane. Keep that in mind when you walk through life. Help others. It helps the collective consciousness to rate at a higher vibration.
I’ve been super busy speaking at churches, working with clients and doing message services. I have one tonight with my daughter and one Wednesday night solo. Sunday is my second workshop in the Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp. The title: Animal Totems, Symbols and Signs.
We all get busy in life. We become less aware of our surroundings. We don’t notice the signs. Open your eyes. Become aware of the animals that cross your path daily. They mean something. They may guide you to where you need to be. They are connected to us because we are all one.
One of my favorite animal totem stories is the Spider, which means weaving (networking) and writing for me. I’ve been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. Spiders seem to show up, either on this earth plane or in dream states, when I’m wasting my time in regards to writing. It could be the subject or lack of it.
Enter spiders. Nice, right? LOL. Almost as bad a palmetto bug as a totem – survivor. Anyway, most of the time I would see a spider during twilight. First, I saw a baseball sized brown spider running over the edge of the mattress. I’m not gonna lie. It kinda freaked me out. I asked spirit if they could be a bit kinder next time. Weeks later a fluorescent blue and pink colored spider was running over the edge of the mattress. I tried to catch it. Many months go by and now I’m living in a new space. In the middle of night I saw a large spider, about the size of my head, next to my head. I jumped out of bed from a complete sleep instantly, turned on the light and looked everywhere for it. Darn near gave me a heart attack. Thank God I never found it. I had a serious talking to with spirit before I fell asleep. The next morning I saw the tiniest of spiders on the dresser. I chuckled. Since I’m writing this, it must be time to start writing my book again. It’s either that or spiders. LOL. Bye-bye procrastination.
I was thinking on the way home from the gym this morning that I need just a little bit more for this column. Spirit did not disappoint. I saw at least seven vultures. They symbolize the life/death cycle, which doesn’t necessarily mean physical birth and death. I saw two sandhill cranes. My absolute favorite. This about longevity and focus. Finally, I saw one egret, which symbolizes standing on your own two feet. When you awaken on your spiritual path, it can be a lonely journey because it alone is your path and no one else’s. This does not mean you have to be alone in life. The meanings above were just one or two words. There’s much more. Pay attention to the signs. They will help you to know where you are going on your journey.
Blessings of love and peace!
Believe in what you see, feel, hear, know and smell. You have to trust your gifts and then act on the information.
Last week a friend of mine went to a meeting with a friend in DeLand. Everything was on schedule when two gentleman walked in, both from different entrances. Immediately, my friend told her friend next to her to pick up her purse and follow her. She couldn’t get out of there fast enough. Once outside, many police cars were around, and my friend pointed them to the meeting hall. About 12 police officers rushed the meeting and arrested the two gentleman. My friend said she saw black all around those gentleman, and knew she had to get away.
Seeing the aura around people can be practiced by looking past them, not focusing on the person, but past them.
Another time my master teacher on the higher side of life these days, just knew that something was about to go down in front of building she and her partner were going to. She insisted they get in the car and leave. On the way to the vehicle, several police officers in squad cards came to a screeching halt, police officers jumped out, pulled their guns and jumped on the two would-be criminals.
Backstory: Long ago when I awakened to my path, I was doing a story for the newspaper. It was about a women and man who played musical instruments in a room at a local center where people were receiving their chemotherapy treatments. The woman played the harp. After the interview, as I was leaving the house, I saw a white aura around the woman. I’m like what the heck is that? I realized later it was her aura and so beautiful. For me, white is about purity, truth, higher dimensions and angelic qualities. It was surreal, almost like a dream state.
We can all see auras. Here’s something you can do to practice. Take a blanket and lay it underneath a tree, preferably one with leaves. Now, lie down on the blanket with your head in position to be looking at the branches and leaves, so the sky is visible. Finally, gaze past the leaves. You should be able to see the aura, which looks like an outline of energy around the leaves. Keep trying. You can do it. Eventually, you’ll be able to see the aura around people. Of course, a daily meditation practice assists. Go to an intuition development class. Ask your guides for help. Develop your God given gifts. We all have them.
Again, believe in what you see, feel, hear, know and smell. You have to trust your gifts and then act on the information.